ABOUT CAMARINES SUR PROVINCE

The province is geographically located in the central part of the Bicol peninsula which forms the southeastern part of the Bicol peninsula which forms the southeastern part of the island of Luzon. It is about 450 kilometers from Manila and is located between 14O 10′ and 130 15′ North Latitude and between 1240 10′ and 1220 40′ East Longitude. It is bounded on the north by the province of Quezon and Camarines Sur Norte, San Miguel Bay and the Pacific Ocean; on the south by the province of Albay ; Lagonoy Gulf on the east; and on the west by Ragay Gulf.

SOURCE OF LIVELIHOOD

The economy of Camarines Sur is mostly agriculture-based. Out of the 35 towns, 29 towns are mainly agricultural, producing rice, corn, feedmeal, freshwater fish, livestock, coconut, sugar, abacá, and water-lily. Entrepreneurs engage in trading, often branching out towards neighboring provinces in the south as local demand might be limited, indicated by its mostly 3rd-5th income class municipalities. Handicrafts are the major source of rural income, which provides a fairly large share in the small-scale industries of the province. Forestry and papermaking are other sources of livelihood. The manufacture of abacá products such as Manila hemp, hats, bags, mats and slippers is one of the main sources of income in the rural areas. Fishing is also done along both shores of the province. Tourism, primarily because of Caramoan, and Mount Isarog, also draws income for Camarines Sur. Two towns and one city is primarily tri-economy, which means that their economy has three bases. Naga City’s economy is based in commerce, for all of the products from other provinces in the region are brought here, making it the main center in Bicol Region. Naga City also has industry as one of the bases of its economy. The four major manufacturing and processing industries in the province are jewelry craft, gifts/toys/housewares, pineapple and coconut industry. Naga also has agricultural as a base of the economy because of its vast cornfields, rice fields, and water lily farms all over the city. Calabanga,Cabusao,Libmananand Sipocothave similar economies as Naga City. Calabanga has commerce as a base for the economy because all products from Naga Cityare being passed here. It is also the trade center for the towns of Tinambac, Goa, and Siruma. Calabanga also has fishing as a base of the economy because of the very large Quipayo Fishing Center, the largest in Bicol. Calabanga also has agricultural because of vast productions of corn, sugar, and rice. Cabusao has agricultural as a base of the economy because of its large granary near its border in Libmanan. It also has fishing as a base of the economy because all of the fisheries products from Calabanga are brought here to be passed in Libmanan. While Libmanan has agricultural base because of its 156 hectares of ricefields, and cornfields distributedly. Libmanan also has fishing as a base because of its coastline connecting the towns of Ragay, and Pasacao. Libmanan also has partially a commercial district. And Sipocot has agricultural base economy, because of its abundant stock of native chicken (Sipocot’s OTOP) and wide production of calamansi and other vegetables, it also serve as trading post for towns of Cabusao, Ragay and Mercedes (Camarines Norte), fish products from these towns are being received by Sipocot. The rest of the towns not counted are primarily fishing industry as the main base of their economy.

LIVING WAGE

-Average family income P267 – P235 -Average family expenditure P215-P193 -Average savings P52 – P42

IMPORT/EXPORT PRODUCTS

Wearables and Homestyle (W&H), Processed Food, Coco-Coir, Bamboo

LANGUAGES

The main languages spoken in Camarines Sur are the Coastal Bikol(especially Central Bikol) and Inland Bikolgroup of languages. The latter is a group of languages that includes Albay Bikolgroup and Rinconada Bikol, while the former just consists dialects. A dialect of Coastal Bikol, called Coastal Bikol-Partido is used in the eastern portion of the province around Lagonoy Gulf, and another dialect called Coastal Bikol-Central is spoken around Naga City. The Rinconada Bikolalso known as Riŋkonāda (under the umbrella of Inland Bikol group of languages), is used by most people in the Rinconada area or district of the province especially in Nabua, Iriga Cityand by people of Rinconada in diaspora. Buhinon(one of the languages of Albay Bikol group, another member of Inland Bikol), is a minority language spoken in the town of Buhi and around Lake Buhi. Del Gallego is the only town in the province that has a majority of population that speaks Tagalog. Most inhabitants of Camarines Sur understand Filipino and English. The Canaman dialect of Central Bikolvariant of Coastal Bikol spoken in Canaman, Camarines Suris said to be the “purest” form of Bikol (according to Jesuit anthropologist Frank Lynch, S.J.), though most linguists just consider it as the standard form of Central Bikol language since other Coastal Bikol languages, Rinconada Bikol and Buhinon (both Inland Bikol) are separate languages.

TRADITIONS AND BELIEFS

RELIGIOUS BELIEFS AND PRACTICES: Bicol religiosity is deeply rooted. Sometimes Christian faith is expressed through indigenous forms, and indigenous beliefs may assume a Christian face. Some beliefs and customs related to farming the life cycle, talismans, and divination survive in the consciousness of the contemporary Bicol, even the educated. The prehispanic beliefs in the hierarchy of super naturals ranging from bad to good s to a limited extend preserved. The common expression “Tabi po, maki-agi po” (Excuse me please, I would like to pass by) acknowledges the invisible world. The Christian God and heavenly host have replaced the supreme god Gugurang and the minor deities, each of whom had a special function. But the darker side inhabited by witches and monsters seem to live on I the minds of some Bicol Christians. So does ancestor worship in some areas; a postharvest thanksgiving ritual, sagurang, is retained by Bicol farmers by way of offering food to the spirits of their ancestors. (Top Bicolano Superstitions) Bicol has a dazzling array of ingenious beliefs and traditions alongside its colorful and brilliant history. Below is the list of some Bicolano unique features which you may have heard of or you have seen being practiced right now in your town especially by the elders as sighted by Danilo Borjal(1967) in his essay Bikol Superstitions. See if you are still bound by them! Magarao- If a child strikes an elder, his hand will shrivel up. Minalabac- If a child answers back his parents; he will be unable to speak unless the spirit that punished him forgives him for the misdeed. San Miguel Bay- It is bad to point at scenic spots when riding on a boat because the spirits of that place may get mad and drown the passengers (if the boat is small and everyone points at things naturally, there will be excitement and thus much movement on the part of the passengers which might cause the boat to capsize. Naga- If a child goes near the side of the river, the spirits, may push him into the water to drown him; Cutting fingernails at night will bring you bad luck; Whistling at night will cause the death of one member of the family; Before you throw rocks at night, you must say “Tabi po” lest you hit or offend a spirit. Goa- If a farmer sharpens his bolo at night, he will find his palay eaten by rats in the morning. Pili- If the skull of some dead relative is placed in a box near the door and a stick is placed on top of the box, the stick will move by itself and whip anyone who has the intention of robbing the house.

RELIGION

Camarines Sur is the center of religious observances that are shared by all Bicolanos who are, by far, the most staunchly Roman Catholic people in the country. Our Lady of Penafrañcia in Naga is considered the patron of all Bicolanos. The image’s crown of diamonds and precious stones, which adorns the its head was a donation of thousands of Bicolanos lovingly devoted to their beloved Ina or mother. Every September, the Bicolanos celebrate the feast of Penafrañcia with a festival that begins with a traslacion, a procession of the barefooted male devotees of Our Lady, followed by a Mass, and a fluvial parade where the image of the Virgin is carried on a barge on the Bikol River. The annual festival draws thousands of Bicolanos and tourists to Naga.

FESTIVALS

Camarines Sur Famous Destinations 1. Tinagba Festival, February 11, Iriga City A tradition of the first harvest offering coinciding on the feast day of Our Lady of Lourdes. Derived from the early rituals of the ancient Bicolanos offering their harvest to their own gods as a form of thanksgiving and to seek favor for a more bountiful harvest throughout the year. A long parade of colorfully and grandiosely decorated bull and carabao carts, carrying newly harvested crops, ending with a mass before the Emerald Grotto at Calvary Hills. Here all the offerings are blessed, then distributed to indigent families. 2. Harana Festival (Karantahan nin Pagranga), Feb. 11-15, San Jose Held in the municipality of San Jose, the festival feature local talents and young artists in its efforts to promote cultural awareness, tourism development and youth empowerment in the District of Partido. Highlighted by the Bicol Love Song Choral Competition. Other activities are lined up to drumbeat the affair. 3. Karanowan Festival, Feb. 15, Bato This fish-tival was derived from a local dialect “Ranow” meaning lake, spawned of giving significance to the beautiful Lake Bato, which is teemed with numerous species of fishes such as the well-known “tabios”, tilapia nilotica, carp, eel and many others. 4. Baybayon Festival, April 15-17, Sagñay A summer festival held at the beach-side in Sagñay town in the Partido district in the province of Camarines Sur. 5. Lagonoy Kadahoman Festival, April 24-May 1 Kadahoman came from the Bicolano term “dahom” meaning beautiful or good. The week-long celebration showcases the beauty and rich historical/cultural heritage of the town. Features are cultural presentation, native foods galore, songwriting and logo making contest, nature trekking and many more. 6. Tumatarok Festival, May 1, Minalabac Considered as one of the most colorful and interesting fiestas in the Bikol region which takes place at the old, sleepy town of Minalabac . The Tumatarok Festival is celebrated every 11th of May which is done in honor of their two patron saints, Sts. Philip and James. Main highlights of the festive occasion include the evening tide fluvial procession where colorful floating pagodas crowd along the banks of the Bikol River ; the religious dancing of little boys who are called here as the Tumatarok ni San Felipe-San Tiago or the Rice Planters of Sts. Philip and James. These little boys, ages 8 to 11, sing the traditional Bikol hymn to the two saints. Likewise, after the celebration of the mass the next morning, the ten tumatarok once again performed another ritual, this time a sacred dance, in the sanctuary of the Church. It was said that their dance was a prayer to God, thanking Him for blessing upon the coming rice planting season which then and even now is the main source of income to many Minalabacueños. 7. May Ilaoud Festival, May 1, Milaor A summer festival in Milaor to commemorate the Foundation Anniversary and Feast Day of St. Joseph the Worker. Various colorful activities are featured to boost local tourism. 8. Boa-Boahan Festival, May 1, Nabua Boa-Boahan Festival coincides with the town fiesta of Nabua. The highlight of the affair is the re-enactment of the 13th century pagan rites which is enriched by colorful costumes. The rite is a dramatic revival of the traditional boa feast during the pre-Spanish era where pagans believed that the chains of coconut embryos called “Boa” are offered to their old deities 9. Balik Caramoan, May 1-8, Caramoan A week-long celebration coinciding with the town’s fiesta, to showcase the wealth of wonders (WOW) of Caramoan Peninsula. Various exciting activities are lined-up to welcome the returning Caramoanons who now resides-in varioius parts of the globe. It aims to forge greater unity and cooperation and encourage Balikbayans for possible tourism and trade-related investments. 10. Santacruzan Festival, May, Camarines Sur A May celebration, Santa Cruzan in Camarines Sur is noted for its resplendent procession which is usually observed during nighttime. Beautiful and young Reynas in their glittered gowns parade around the town reminding the locals of the travails encountered by St. Elena in her search for the Holy Cross thousands of centuries ago. This one noted tradition has its beginnings rooted down from the Spanish regime. In the modern day celebration of Santa Cruzan, a nine-day novena is celebrated in honor of the Sta. Cruz (Holy Cross) enliven with Dotok and Lagaylay by neighborhoods. Beautiful and decorative altars which are made out of banana stalk carved with designs can be seen in every “istasyon” which is put up during the colorful celebration of the Santa Cruzan. 11. Kaogma Festival, May 24-31, Camarines Sur A week-long celebration of the of the foundation anniversary of the Province of Camarines Sur. The festival features numerous activities such as cultural expositions, sports events, beauty pageant, procession and Grand Parade. 12. Regatta Festival, August 7, Gainza A week-long festivity in Gainza aimed to preserve its culture and tradition and to promote the area as a tourist destination. Highlight is the boat race. 13. Pasa-Pasa Ikaw Festival, August 25-30, Pasacao The festival showcases the Pasacao’s rich cultural heritage forever reminding its people of the significant contribution to the socio-economic development of the province of Camarines Sur and the region in general. 14. Voyadores Festival, September-2nd Friday, Naga City Voyadores Festival is a street dance reenactment on the transfer of the image of Our Lady of Peñafrancia from the Basilica to the Metropolitan Cathedral. Named after the male devotees (voyadores) who accompany and carry the Virgin’s image in a procession called Translacion for a novena at the Metropolitan Cathedral. 15. Peñafrancia Festival, 3rd week of September, Naga City A religious festival honoring the feast day of Our Lady of Peñafrancia, Patroness of the Bicol Region. The festivity begins on the second Friday of September when the Image of the Virgin of Peñafrancia is carried by hundreds of male devotees from her shrine to Naga Cathedral. Main highlight is the ceremonial fluvial procession along the Naga River where her centuries old image becomes an object of a stirring religious event. 16. Bamboo Festival, December 1, Bula Old Bula town in the Rinconada district of the province makes way for a colorful December celebration of the Bamboo Festival, giving way to the one of pride of this town which is the bamboo plant where the name of the municipality is derived from. 17. Bikol Pastores Festival, December 20-24, Calabanga This festival paves the ground for an array of cultural and sports highlights such as the following: Panunuluyan, Larong Pinoy, Night with the Stars, Open Ballroom Dancing Competition, Search for the Best Christmas Decorated Home, Balikbayan Night, Binibining Pastores Beauty Pageant, Bikol Pastores Dance Competition, Mardi Gras, and the Senior’s Citizen’s Night. Through the initiative and efforts made by the mayor of Calabanga and the Municipal Tourism Council, the Bikol Pastores festival has staged its first region-wide colorful presentation of Christmas carols, dances and symbols last December 24 to 31 of last year. December 26, 27 and 28 had been declared as non-working holidays through Proclamation No. 36 dated December 13, 2002. 18. Kamundagan Festival, December, Naga City

ATTRACTIONS

There are many tourist destinations and activities in CamSur. 1. Camsur Water Sports Complex–This would probably be one of the biggest reasons why Camsur became a very popular destination in the Philippines. The park is located in the Provincial Capitol Complex of Cadlan, Camarines Sur and Pili. This is design for wakeboarding and water skiing. If you enjoy this kind of water sports then this is the first place you should visit in Camsur. They also have a BMX trail, motor cross and skateboards. One of the province’s top tourist drawers, this unique water sport park features excellent facilities for wakeboarding, water skiing, and water skating. It also has a 6-point cable ski system that’s great for any level of water skiers, from beginners to professionals. 2. Our Lady of Peñafrancia Church– The church was built in 1711 by the orders of Rev. Miguel Covarrubias and the second church was built by Bishop Isidro de Arevalo in 1750. It also houses the image of Our Lady Peñafrancia. This is a nice place to visit to pray and admire the architecture of the church. 3. Kalupnitan Cave– The caves are one of the natural beauties in Bicol. They contain natural carved pillars and stalactite formations that are very magnificent in its interiors and millions of bats. 4. Adiangao Cave– This cave is located in Barangay Adiangao, has a 300-meter canopy that are stretching onto the mountains of Calinigan. It contains stalactite, stalagmites, dripstones and enormous columns and huge pillars to the ceiling. 5. Cathedral of Naga – Also known as the Metropolitan Cathedral of Saint John built in 1843 by the Franciscans and is the biggest church in Bicolandia. The cathedral has so much history in it that makes it a must visit place. 6. Mt Isarog National Park– There are lots of waterfalls here in the park and one of them is the Malabsay Waterfalls. It’s a spectacular waterfall with crystal clear waters and this is a perfect place to enjoy the beauty of nature. Trekking is also a popular activity since the Malabsay Falls is also near the Nabontolan Spring and the National Park. 7. Consocep Mountain Resort– The resort is located on the shoulders of Mt. Isarog at around 1,800 feet above the sea level. The water is clean and very clear and it’s a great place to relax and enjoy the cool mountain air. Bulalacao and Tuaguiti are the two big waterfalls and a smaller one is called Kawa-Kawa. You will definitely enjoy the picturesque view and the tranquillity of this place. Nestled atop Mt. Isarog with an elevation of about 1,800 ft, it lets guests bask in the cool breeze and lush surroundings while enjoying the view of the Pacific Ocean. 8. Sabang Beach– The beach is located in the coastal barangay of San Jose. A lot of tourists make this place as an optional stopover to Caramoan Peninsula. During the last week of April, Sabang hosts the yearly Malasagui Festival which consists of fishing competitions like catching the fastest or biggest fish on that day. 9. Bombon Parish– The old church was constructed by Fray dela Torre and was completed by Rev.Fr. Jose Ribaya. This parish is known for its leaning bell tower which is said to be like the leaning tower of Pisa. 10. Caramoan Island– This would probably the most beautiful place in CamSur. Caramoan offers picturesque landscape and seascape and numerous islands and islets are also just a boat ride away. Caramoan became popular because of numerous Survivor shows that were filmed here. Considered as the Philippines’ Secret Paradise, this peninsula remains unexploited from commercial tourism. Unspoilt beaches, pristine waters, and abundant marine life are what one will discover here. If you happen to get the opportunity to visit Caramoan, you’ll find it the perfect spot for swimming, snorkeling, spelunking, and diving. 11. Lake Buhi and Lake Bato – These 2 bodies of water are popular for its rich aquatic resources. The freshwater Lake Buhi, located about 105 m above sea level, is home to the Sinarapan, the world’s smallest commercial fish. On the other hand, Lake Bato is an inland lake with marshes and swamp forests. It is also the habitat of wild ducks in the area. 12. Itbog Twin Falls- Situated in the town of Buhi, the 60-ft twin waterfalls offer visitors a splendid view of white waters gushing from the top of Mt. Isarog and cascading amid verdant foliage. 13. PNR Marker Park– A historic site, it is where the late president Manuel Quezon drove a gold nail during the inauguration of the North and South Railroad tracks that connected Legazpi to Manila. 14. Basilica of Our Lady of Penafrancia– This is the home of the Our Lady of Penafrancia, the patroness of the Bicol Region. In front of this impressive church is a domed pavilion that serves as a shelter for the image of Mary after the major processions during its feast every September. ISLAND / CAVES / LAKES • Adiangao Cave • Adiangao Caves (San Jose) • Aguirangan Island (Presentacion) • Animasola Island (Balatan) • Atulayan Island (Sangay) • Calapnitan Cave • Daruanak Island (Pasacao) • Kalupnitan Caves (llibmanan) • Lake Buhi • Omang Cave BEACH / RESORTS / FALLS • Atulayan Island • Caramoan Beach • Caramoan Sea Kayaking • Gota Beach (Caramoan) • Itbog Falls • La Roca Encantada • Malacsay Falls • Mt. Iriga • Nato Beach • Sabang Beach

POPULAR FOOD

1. Kinunot – is a spicy appetizer which ingredients include shark meat or sting ray meat. Yes, shark meat and sting ray meat. Who would have thought that these scary fish creatures can be so tasty? Bicolanos found a way to turn them into a very delicious food. The shark or the sting ray is cooked with coconut cream and malunggay or moringa leaves. It is a common joke in Bicol that when travelling by sea, you should bringmalunggay because the sharks are afraid of it.Kinunot is now commonly prepared using sting ray because catching sharks nowadays is being prohibited. 2. Laing or Pinangat -there is also a Bicolano recipe for vegetarians: the very popular laing. Laingis made from local “gabi” or taro leaves. The leaves is simmered in coconut cream and then served with siling labuyoor chili pepper. The dish is very common since the Bicolanos plant taro near their houses. The dish is also very affordable and it can be seen in almost any carenderia(restaurant) in the region. 3. Bicol Express – is a dish which was named after a passenger train from Manila to Bicol. They named the dish Bicol Express because eating the dish will make you run like a train to look for water to drink. Bicol express is made up of pork cooked in coconut milk and spiced with lots and lots of red hot chili. Anyone who would eat the Bicol express should always ready himself with tissue or towels because anyone eating this dish will surely sweat and cry in tears because of the hot and spicy flavor. 4. Guinataang Labong – Labong refers to a bamboo shoot which can be bought in any Philippine market mostly during the rainy season. It is also the main ingredient of Guinataang Labong which is a popular dish from the Bicol region. The bamboo shoots are cooked in coconut milk with shrimp paste or sardines. Fresh shrimps can also be added to this dish. What made this a Bicol dish is the addition of hot, fiery chili pepper, a distinct ingredient in any Bicolano recipe. 5. Tilmok – is another famous food from the Bicol region.Tilmok is the Bicolano term for coconut meat. The other main ingredient of the dish is crab meat. The preparation of tilmok starts with the mixing of coconut meat and the crab meat together. Garnishing is added after the meats are mixed. The mixed “meats” are put inside banana leaves and then steamed. This delicious dish is popular among locals and even foreigners. 6. Pili Nut –With pili being endemic to the Bicol region, Bicolanos have found different uses of the pili nut. The easiest to cook pili dish is the tinolang pili. In this dish, the nuts are soaked in boiling water until the covering is soft. When the external coverings are already soft, the “tinolang pili” is ready. Fish sauce or “patis” can also be added to give it a more delightful taste. The nuts can also be used as sweets. Popular pili sweets include binirubid or pinipilit, brittle pili nuts, caramelized pili nuts, and the yema azucarada. 7. Dinuguang Bicol – is a dish that uses pig’s blood as ingredient in cooking pork. The process of preparing this dish is mainly the same with the original dinuguan. What makes it Bicolano is the hot and spicy flavor. Chili pepper is added to the dinuguano add spice to it. Dinuguanis usually eaten with puto. 8. Ginataang Santol (Santol Cooked in Coconut Milk) – Almost all kinds of fruit, vegetable, or meat is possible to cook with coconut milk or locally known as “gata”. Bicolanos tend to use coconut milk to any dish because of the abundance of coconut in the region. One of the famous ginataan(a dish with coconut milk) from Bicol is the ginataang santol. The meat of the santol fruit is cooked in coconut milk. No one imagined that the extremely sour fruit would be a very delicious viand. Other famous ginataan recipes from Bicol are the ginataang puso ng saging (banana blossom cooked in coconut milk) and the sigarilyas sa gata (Winged Beans cooked in coconut milk). 9. Pancit Bato – is a type of noodles that originated from Bato, a barangayfrom the province of Camarines Sur. The process of cooking this pancitis similar to how pancit cantonis cooked. The only difference is the ingredients. The pansit bato is cooked with fresh shrimps and petchay. It is usually eaten with rice or hot pandesal. 10. Sinapot – is a banana dish also known as maruyaor baduya for non-Bicolanossaba(Cardaba banana). The bananas are peeled and sliced and then mixed with flour, salt, baking powder, eggs and water. The mixed ingredients are then fried in boiling cooking oil.

HISTORY

In the Beginning The history of Camarines Sur has been an amalgam of cross-sectoral developments and outside influences. Folklore and scientific researches have it that, thousands of years ago, there was a wandering tribe of Tabon men inhabiting a vast area of verdant, fertile plains and rolling hills. The gentle, cave-dwelling Tabon families who subsequently developed a common culture and called themselves Ibalon, and their land of bounty was called Tiera de Ibalon. The name could well refer to the entire Island of Luzon, but later been commonly adopted to refer specifically to the present Kabikolan region. The name Kabikolan was derived from the word biko, meaning bent, crooked or twisted, denoting the place along the Bicol River s meandering course. The Discovery The first recoded account of the discovery of the place by the Spaniards was in 1569 when Captain Luis Enriquez de Guzman and Fr. Alfonso Gimenez first explored the Province. In 1571. The first recoded account of the discovery of the place by the Spaniards was in 1569 when Captain Luis Enriquez de Guzman and Fr. Alfonso Gimenez first explored the Province. In 1571, the Spanish Conquistador Juan de Salcedo, grandson of Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, came to the Bicol Region from the North. Two years later, in 1573, Juan de Salcedo leading his troops, penetrated and explored the Peninsula as far as Santiago de Libon in search for spices, gold and other precious stones. Excavators in archaeological sites also have proven that early settlers in the Province bartered with Chinese, Arabs and Indians Traders. Although its culture is predominantly Malay in origin, three centuries of Spanish rule had left its mark in the people s culture and way of life. Spanish colonizers later subjugated its people and denominated the area into two distinct aggrupations. The southern portion comprising the area south of the present town of Camalig (in Albay), Sorsogon, the islands of Masbate and Catanduanes, and the area, which is now Partido in present day, then called Partido de Ibalon . The northern, upper portion, which included from the present day Camalig town in Albay, and all towns of Camarines Sur and Camarines Norte, was called Partido de Camarines . Naga City, the former capital of Camarines Sur, was founded in 1573 as Nueva Caceres namesake of the Province in Spain and among the original five royal cities of the colony. It was designated as the Province s Capital by virtue of Philippine Legislative Act No. 2711 approved on March 10, 1917 until June 6, 1955, when Pili, the adjoining town was declared the Provincial Capital by virtue of Republic Act 1336 up to the present time. The Birth of New Government After years of research initiated by Govenor Luis R. Villafuerte since his first term as Governor in local and national records and even up to the archives in Spain the official foundation date of the Province was finally confirmed to be May 27, 1579. Governor General Francisco Sande issued the Decree, which led t the establishment of a settlement in a place called Camarines where Spanish Colonists were urged to reside. In 1829, Parido de Camarines was divided into Camarines Sur and Camarines Norte. In 1854, the two provinces were united to form the Province of Ambos Camarines , but again separated in 1857 until 1893. Record showed that the two provinces jointly called Ambos Camarines underwent several fusions, annexations and repartitions and were finally separated into Camarines Sur and Camarines Norte with their present day boundaries by virtue of the Philippine Legislative Act No. 2711 of March 10, 1917.

GETTING THERE

1. By Plane: From Manila, Cebu Pacific flies 3 to 4 times a day and Air Philippines/PAL Express flies twice per day (45 mins) to Naga Airport (actually in Pili about 10kms East of Naga) 2. By Train: Maintenance is currently being conducted on the train line from Manila, this journey normally takes about 10-12hrs and is therefore slower than by bus (8hrs) as of December 15, 2016. 3. By Bus: You can go to Cubao Terminal or Pasay Bus Terminal where buses going to Naga Cam. Sur can be found. Buses operate daily going to Bicol. Some of the buses in Cubao Terminal are BLTB, Isarog Lines, RSL, Raymond, Peñafrancia Tours, etc. In Pasay are the AMihan Bus and PhilTranCo. Cost of Fare One way is around Php600- 1,000 depending on the bus line and the season. If it’s peak season then it may be higher. 4. By Taxi: It is not advisable to take a taxi as fares are very expensive and will cost you a lot.

MODES OF TRANSPORTATION

Get around: In downtown, Naga City you can be able to roam around the place just by foot. If you don’t prefer walking tricycles and jeepneys are the main transportation and Taxi are also available since 2010 the opening of SM City. Trisikad, padyak or manpowered tricycles are also available in areas that mostly aren’t included in jeepneys and tricycles routes. Buses, vans and Jeepneys are mostly use traveling outside the city going to connecting towns of Camarines Sur and Taxi as well but with double charging or depending on your price negotiation with the driver. For other municipalities jeepneys, tricycles and trisikad are the main transpo as well.

SEAPORTS AND AIRPORTS

1. Naga Airport – located at Barangay San Jose, Pili, Camarines Sur (15 kms away from Naga City) Naga Airport Flight Schedule (as of December 15, 2016) 2. The national Port of Pasacao – serves most of the seaborne cargoes bound for or from the province of Camarines Sur. Just 27 kilometers southwest of Naga City, it ordinarily caters to such goods as cement, rice, sugar, fish, and other prime commodities. 3. Guijalo Port, Caramoan 4. Sabang Port , San Jose Sabang Port Going to Caramoan Guijalo Port : GETTING INTO CARAMOAN FROM METRO MANILA The trip starts in the evening at around 8:30pm to 9:00pm from Cubao Bus Terminal. The first step is to get to Naga City(or Pili Airport if you fly). The trip would take about 8 hours so it’s not advisable to travel with an empty stomach. From Naga City Central Bus Terminal the next direction is to go to Sabang Port by taking either an aircon van (Filcab) or jeepney. Travel would be a litte over 1hr and the fare is 100 pesos. Then from Sabang Port off to Caramoan Guijalo Port by taking a boat ride for almost 2hours at 120 pesos fare. It’s your option to catch a bus from Cubao Bus Terminal that goes straight to Caramoan via NATO Port (instead of Sabang Port) in Naga. Penafrancia bus fare is 850 pesos and this excludes RORO vessel regular fee of 150 pesos (or higher if you take the aircon accommodation of the vessel) and there’s another 15 pesos for the town fee. If you missed to take your breakfast, no worries, the vessel has a small canteen that serves cup noodles at an instant for 30 pesos! And if your mobile phone battery is almost dying you can sneak at the TV outlet near the canteen with no questions asked.